Top 10 Longest Rivers in Europe

There are many long rivers in Europe, for example, the Volga. Danube and Ural.

Do you know which is the longest river in Europe?

In today's article, I'll tell you the list of the top 10 longest rivers in Europe. Enjoy the list.

#1. Volga   (3,692 Km / 2,294 miles)

Volga River
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The Volga River, at 3690 km, is the longest river in Europe and 16th in the world. It is situated in Russia and flows through Central Russia to Southern Russia and into the Caspian Sea. The Volga has a catchment area of 1,360,000 km.

It is also Europe's largest river in terms of discharge and drainage basin. The Volga River is widely regarded as the national river of Russia. It is one of Russia's primary spring wheat-growing areas. Four of the ten largest cities of Russia, including the nation's capital, Moscow, are located in the Volga's drainage basin.

The river has a symbolic meaning in Russian culture and is often referred to as Волга-матушка Volga-Matushka (Mother Volga).

#2. Danube  (2,860 Km / 1,777 miles)

Danube River
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Photo: Alamy

The Danube is Europe's second-longest river after the Volga, flowing through much of Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest into the Black Sea.

Its longest headstream Breg rises in Furtwangen Schwarzwald, while the river carries its name from its source confluence in Donaueschingen onwards.

#3. Ural  (2,428 Km / 1,509 miles)

Ural River
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Image© Elen/

The Ural before 1775, is a river flowing through Russia and Kazakhstan on the continental border between Europe and Asia. It originates in the southern Ural Mountains and discharges into the Caspian Sea.

At 2,428 kilometers (1,509 mi), it is the third-longest river in Europe after the Volga and the Danube, and the 18th-longest river in Asia.

#4. Dnieper  (2,290 Km / 1,423 miles)

Dnieper rivers
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The Dnieper is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Blanowck Sea. It is the longest river in Ukraine and Belarus and the fourth-longest river in Europe, after Volga, Danube, and Ural.

The total length is approximately 2,200 km with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometers (195,000 sq mi).

Historically, the river was an important barrier, dividing Ukraine into right and left banks.

#5. Don  (1,950 Km / 1,212 miles)

Don River
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The Don is a river in Russia and the fifth-longest river in Europe. Flowing from Central Russia to the Sea of Azov in southern Russia, it is one of Russia's largest rivers and played an important role for traders from the Byzantine Empire.

#6. Dniester  (1,362 Km / 846 miles)

Dniester River
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The Dniester is a river in Eastern Europe. It runs first through Ukraine and then through Moldova (from which it more or less separates the breakaway territory of Transnistria), finally discharging into the Black Sea on Ukrainian territory again.

#7. Rhine (1,320 Km / 820 miles)

Rhine River
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The Rhine in Basel, Switzerland

The Rhine is one of the major European rivers, and has its sources in Switzerland and flows in a mostly northerly direction through Germany and the Netherlands, emptying into the North Sea.

It is the second-longest river in Central and Western Europe (after the Danube), at about 1,230 km (760 mi), with an average discharge of about 2,900 m3/s (100,000 cu ft/s).

#8. Elbe (1,091 Km / 678 miles)

Elbe River
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The Elbe is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. It rises in the Krkonoše Mountains of the northern Czech Republic before traversing much of Bohemia (the western half of the Czech Republic), then Germany, and flowing into the North Sea at Cuxhaven, 110 kilometers (68 miles) northwest of Hamburg. Its total length is 1,094 km。

The Elbe's major tributaries include the rivers Vltava, Saale, Havel, Mulde, and Schwarze Elster.

#9. Vistula (1,047 Km / 651 miles)

Vistula River
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The Vistula is the longest river in Poland and the 9th-longest river in Europe, at 1,047 kilometers (651 miles) in length.

The drainage basin, reaching into three other nations covers 193,960 square kilometers (74,890 sq mi), of which 168,868 square kilometers (65,200 sq mi) is in Poland – 54% of Poland.

#10. Daugava (1,020 Km / 634 miles)

Daugava River
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The Daugava is a large river rising in the Valdai Hills of Russia that flows through Belarus and then Latvia into the Gulf of Riga of the Baltic Sea. It rises close to the source of the Volga.

Its length is 1,020 km (630 mi), of which 325 km (202 mi) are in Russia.

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